In Japan, created a human-like robot builder

In Japan, the HRP-5P humanoid robot was developed, which is able to independently recognize objects, orient in space, carry out installation work and other tasks associated with severe physical labor.

Japan is concerned about a decline in fertility, because in the future it will lead to a shortage of labor resources of construction, mechanical engineering and other industries. To maintain economic potential, AIST, together with several private industrial and research organizations, has developed a model of human-like HRP-5P, equipped with artificial intelligence, advanced information systems and sensors.

The robot-builder has a strong metal case, the mass of which is 101 kg, and the height is 182 cm. The HRP-5P body has 37 degrees of freedom, but in order to better imitate human movements, the developers have significantly increased the range of movements of its mechanical joints. It is able to hold and move large-sized objects, such as plasterboard and plywood sheet.

Thanks to neural networks and machine learning, the robot independently detects and distinguishes up to 10 tools, determining what exactly it is necessary for it. The recognition accuracy is 90% even with insufficient lighting and low-contrast background. In the process of operation, the system is constantly learning and replenishes with new images. To determine the working areas, high-frequency markers of augmented reality are used.

With the help of sensors on the head, it with a frequency of 0.3 Hz receives a three-dimensional image of the surrounding space, and when the overview is blocked by the holding object, the previous movement route is used to move, which can be instantly adjusted in the case of stopping stop. The HRP-5P software code consists of approximately 250 thousand rows of code. Thanks to durable design and flexibility, it is able to lift enough heavy objects.

Companies plan to use the development for work in complex and harmful conditions. In addition to construction, robots can be used on construction sites, shipyards, aviation structures.

Earlier, we wrote that ABB company invests $ 150 million in the construction of an automated