China conducted the first biological experiment on the moon

The National Space Administration of China reported that the seeds delivered by the Mission «Changy-4» began to germinate on the moon.

In addition to the equipment for geological research, the spacecraft is container with air, water, cotton seeds, potatoes, rapeseeds and arabidopsis, as well as crop yeast and fruit flies, which should form on a miniature artificial biosphere. On January 15, the Space Agency reported that kidneys appeared on cotton seeds. «People’s Gazeta» published in

According to the research leaders, the ability to grow some cultures on the moon confirms the absence of indecent problems for the space travelers of the future. The Earth’s satellite should be an interim point for distant missions, primarily on Mars. The study of the growth of these plants in low gravity conditions will allow scientists to lay the foundation for creating a future space base.

In the capsules, these species were placed, since it is possible to make clothes from cotton, the potatoes will become the main source of food, oil is made from rape, and Arabidopsis is selected due to the rapid growth and simplicity of its study. Yeast is necessary to regulate the level of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the mini-biosphere, and the fruit fly will become a consumer of photosynthesis products.

Picture «Changy-4» on the back of the moon.

The researchers applied biotechnology to the seeds and eggs that were in the ground were inactive for almost two months. After landing on the reverse side of the Moon on January 3, the system of the probe from the ground center received a signal to start watering soil to activate the plants. Natural light to maintain life enters the capsule through a special tube.

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